The Neo-Renaissance was an artistic movement that originated in Florence in the 15th century. The Renaissance Revival architecture collection is an assortment of 19th-century architectural styles that are neither Greek Revival nor Gothic Revival, but rather draw on a variety other classicizing Italian styles. This includes Baroque, Classical and Renaissance architecture styles. The most famous styles of this period are the Basilica di San Miniato al Monte, the Ponte Vecchio Fontana, the Duomo of Florence, the Medici Villa, and the Santa Croce Palace. Other styles that are important include the Ionian Style, the Roman Style and the Greek revival, Gothic revival and the Italianate.
Neo-Renaissance architecture has been criticised for putting too much emphasis on the aesthetics over the actual function of the building. However as Joseph Schumpeter pointed out, there was more going on in the architecture of the time than aesthetics. The Neo-Renaissance art movement rekindled a forgotten culture that had been ignored by its practitioners. People realized that beauty was not only visual. It was also discovered in the smallest of details, and in the interaction between form and function.
In the Renaissance, Florence became the capital of the European Renaissance. Many famous artists, such as Titian, Leonardo da Vinci and Titian were born and worked in Florence. Jan van Gogh and Gorgios dejanos were just some of the many. It was also a major center of politics at the time. Renaissance architecture is often described as a plan to blend the aesthetics of the Greek and the Islamic worlds, to create a unified art form that combines both West and East. The result was an era of freedom, individualism and appreciation for the individual’s artistic talents.
Neoclassicism, which was also called Romanticism was a response to the excesses of the French Revolution. This movement had its merits. After the French Revolution, the French were becoming obsessed about their freedom of speech and their ability to criticize other people. In response the French people went on the streets in demonstrations, burning property and threatening the clergy. The French government took over all public buildings, universities, and the press, and began to suppress any artistic expression.
The main reason for this new movement was the desire for simplicity, an urge to return to an era prior to the complexities of the modern era had overwhelmed the Renaissance. This led to a reversal of the over-stated, egotistical and embellished architecture of the day. thai architect It was the simplicity that became the main focus of the Neoclassics who, for the most part, considered themselves radicals. After eschewing the excesses and the idioms of French architecture, the main attraction of the Neoclassics was their desire to create architecture built on natural materials. Neoclassicism is now considered to be the classic art of its time.
While Neo-Renaissance art was to eventually fade away from Western society, it still produced incredible art and architecture. Although the Neoclassics did not completely disappear however their influence on Western art cannot be ignored. Their influence can be seen in buildings furniture, artworks, and even in clothing.
Neo-Renaissance architecture carries the features of Neoclassics. It is characterised by symmetry, rectitude and a sense for balance. Neoclassicism was also very in tune to nature, specifically the physical world. In fact, one of the most well-known Neo-Renaissance sculptures is the Vitruvian Man. Vitruvius is considered to be the founder of modernist movements. His Vitruvian figure is a fixture in the Temple of Vitruvius. It is an ancient Roman temple constructed of plaster, limestone, and marble that resembles large, life-size statues.
Neo-Renaissance art was criticized by both postmodernists and classicalists as lacking artistic merit. For example, Domenico Dolce, after looking over the works of Vitruvius and other artists, criticized their “stature”. He felt that the statues were too simple and shallow to be worthy of their highly stylized forms. Botticelli and other artists would refine the Neoclassicism movement to create new concepts such as Futurism.